Psoriasis is a chronic, non-contagious inflammatory skin disease which affects approximately 2-5% of the population worldwide. Psoriasis can affect people of all races and ages, however, most patients are first diagnosed in their early adult years. Guttate psoriasis, which flares up following a viral or bacterial infection, normally affects children and young adults.
In psoriasis, the keratinocytes of the skin multiply very rapidly and travel from the bottom layer of the epidermis to the surface in approximately 4 days as opposed to the usual 28 days. The skin cannot shed these cells quickly enough, so they build up and leading to thick, dry and flaky patches or plaques, commonly affecting the scalp, torso, elbows, and knees but can occur anywhere on the body.
Causes of Psoriasis
The cause of psoriasis is unknown, although it is well accepted that there is an underlying genetic component which, when triggered, causes the immune system to produce an excessive number of skin cells. For this reason, it is termed an auto-immune disorder.
Triggers of Psoriasis
Secondary triggers play a role in the continued exacerbation of the condition. In his research, Prof. Michael Tirant discovered that such factors were often related to lifestyle, dietary and chemical exposure. To know more about triggers, read our blog – What triggers psoriasis?
Types of Psoriasis
Psoriasis Treatments: Conventional treatments for psoriasis often include topical steroids, coal tar and ultraviolet light therapy or in severe cases systemic medications such as methotrexate, cyclosporine or biologics. At the Psoriasis Eczema Clinic, psoriasis treatments are customized according to the individual symptoms, presentation, location and triggers. Our unique treatments are steroid free, have consistently achieved an 82-90% success rate in independent testing and have been recommended by several highly regarded dermatologists around the globe. If you would like to book a consultation for your psoriasis, call the PEC today.