Fungal Infections

About Fungal Skin Conditions

Fungal skin conditions are also known as ‘mycoses’ and can be both contagious and opportunistic infections that take advantage of certain environmental conditions. Fungi prefer a warm and moist environment, and therefore thrive in areas such as armpits, genitals, under the breasts and between the toes. In most cases, fungal conditions are mild, however, in immune-compromised patients, fungal conditions can become a more serious disease. Other factors that increase the risk of fungal skin infections include: 

  • Age: Higher risk for the very young and the elderly
  • Illness: including diabetes, cancer, malnutrition, hormonal disorders, another skin disease
  • Weight: Increased risk in overweight and obese persons due to more skin folds
  • Climate: Those who live in warm and humid climates or visit these environments (e.g. indoor pools, public showers)
  • Medications: antibiotics, contraceptive medications, chemotherapy or other immunosuppressive medications
  • Clothing: tight, restrictive clothing

Fungal Skin Condition Causes

Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candida or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton which tend to affect only the surface layer of the skin, nails, and hair.

Candida skin infections can include:

  • Oral candidiasis (oral thrush)
  • Angular cheilitis
  • Vulvovaginal candidiasis (vaginal thrush)
  • Balanitis (penile thrush)
  • Intertrigo (skin fold infection)
  • Napkin dermatitis (nappy rash)
  • Chronic paronychia (nail fold infection)
  • Onychomycosis (nail plate infection)
  • Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis

Malassezia furfur infections include:

  • Pityriasis versicolor
  • Malassezia folliculitis
  • Seborrheic dermatitis (e.g. dandruff)
  • Some facial atopic dermatitis
  • Neonatal cephalic pustulosis

Tinea infections include:

  • Tinea barbae (beard)
  • Tinea capitis (head)
  • Tinea corporis (body)
  • Tinea cruris (groin)
  • Tinea faciei (face)
  • Tinea manuum (hand)
  • Tinea pedis (foot)
  • Tinea unguium (nail)

Fungal skin infection treatments:

Conventional treatments include topical and/or oral antifungals.  At Psoriasis Eczema Clinic, fungal skin treatments are customised according to the individual symptoms, presentation, location and triggers.  Our treatments not only provide symptomatic relief but help to reduce reoccurrence by addressing the underlying triggers.  If you would like to book a consultation for your fungal skin/nail condition, call the PEC today. 

Monday

09:00 – 05:00

Tuesday

 

 09:00 – 05:00

Wednesday 

09:00 – 05:00

Thursday

09:00 – 05:00

Friday

09:00 – 05:00

Saturday-Sunday

Off

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