Acne is a common inflammatory skin condition, affecting approximately 93.3% of Australian adolescents aged 16-18 but can persist through to or appear in the ’30s and ’40s. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles, characterized by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules, pustules, cysts, nodules and in some cases scarring. Acne typically occurs on the face, neck, chest, back and arms. Like many skin conditions, the psychological impact of acne can be significant, affecting both self-esteem and quality of life.
Acne occurs due to a combination of excessive keratin and sebum production as well as colonisation of Propionibacterium acnes bacteria, which leads to clogging and infection of the pores and inflammatory response. The increase of sebum production is linked to the increased production of androgenic hormones that typically occurs during puberty as well as in conditions such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Despite the previous consensus that diet plays no role in acne, recent research has highlighted the connection between Westernised diets and acne prevalence. An association has found between acne and cow’s milk consumption and high glycaemic index (GI) diets.
Conventional Acne Treatment
Current conventional treatments for acne can include retinoids, antibiotics, hormonal agents (such as the contraceptive pill) in addition to topical treatments.
A Holistic Approach to Acne Treatment
A holistic approach to acne is patient centered, taking into account the individual drivers of acne as well as the individual needs of the skin.
Triggers of acne can vary from person to person and can include:
- Hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy, breastfeeding, irregular menses)
- Dysbiosis (skin and gut)
- Food intolerance/allergy
- Weight gain
Further triggers can exacerbate acne including topical products with the following properties:
- PH imbalanced
- Drying/irritating (soaps/detergents)
The Psoriasis Eczema Clinic recognizes the importance of addressing the underlying drivers of acne, including dietary and lifestyle factors, hormonal imbalance and metabolism, skin barrier dysfunction and stress to name a few. According to our protocols, addressing these underlying drivers is equally as important to addressing the local inflammation of the skin and encourages long term results.
To ensure you receive the best acne treatment for your skin, treatments are customised according to the individual symptoms, presentation, location and triggers. Our unique products are based on natural, plant-based bio-actives that help to reduce the inflammation of the skin whilst supporting a healthy skin barrier and microbiome.
If you would like to book a consultation for treatment at our Frankston or Melbourne Acne Clinic, call the PEC today.